How to Tell the Difference
Hand-knotted and hand-tufted sound similar enough, right? Actually, they couldn’t be more different. Especially when talking cost and value. Generally speaking, tufted rugs cost less, don’t last as long as woven rugs and can take more time/effort to clean.
While both types of rugs can be hold their own beauty, there are a few major differences in the way they are constructed.
First, hand-knotted rugs are woven on a loom and require an impressive amount of skill and patience. A good quality 9’ x 12’ hand woven rug may take 3 weavers, 10 hours per day, 6 days per week for a period of 14 months. Hand tufted rugs are made by punching tufts through the back of a cotton canvas and then scrim the backing with latex to secure the tufts in place. Typically, a canvas or cloth backing is glued in place to hide the otherwise unattractive nature of the latex backing. You may find fringe sewn or glued in place on tufted rugs.
- Fringe is part of the foundation of the rug
- Sides are wrapped around the edge by hand
- Made from natural fibers – wool, silk, cotton, & jute
- Tufts punched through the back of a canvas
- Back is typically a cloth or canvas backing which covers the latex backing that holds the rug together
- When fringe is present, it is added on by stitch or glue
- Face fibers are sometimes wool, but often they are polypropylene, nylon, olefin, acrylic, viscose, etc.